Medlar (Mespilus germanica)
Medlar cv. Nottingham (Mespilus germanica Nottingham)
Big fruited, high yielding variety of an almost forgotten fruit plant. Bred about 1850 in England. Makes a big shrub or small tree. Fruits are round, diameter about 4cm, ripen in mid October but are still hard fleshed. The flesh becomes soft after one to two weeks storage under warm, dry conditions. Then they are ready to eat and have taste and texture of spiced applesauce. Use it first of all in preserves.
Medlar cv. Dutch Giant (Mespilus germanica Dutch Giant)
A very productive old variety. Starts to produce as a young plant – often two year old grafts bear a few fruits. They are big, about 5cm in diameter, light flattened, ripen in October. Flesh is brown with pleasure taste. Excellent for jams.
A medium fast growing variety.
Medlar cv. Süssmispel (Mespilus germanica Süssmispel)
German variety discovered in the 60’s of the 20th century. It’s name means “sweet medlar”. Fruits are average size, good for fresh eating even without freezing! They almost do not contain tannins and have the highest sugar level within all medlar varieties.
Medlar cv. Huge Evreinoff (Mespilus germanica Monstrueuse d’Evreinoff)
The original tree was discovered by the botanist V.A.Evreinoff in France in 1941.
Strong growing tree 3-4m in height, bears annually. It is only partially selffertile and therefore it is recommended to plant at least two different varieties besides.
It has the biggest fruit among all medlars, up to 7cm in diameter and 60g weight, with flattened shape. Unfortunately some of the fruits are mis-shapen. They have a pleasant taste, with a good sweetness to acid balance. Ripens somewhat earlier than other cultivars.
Medlar cv. Delice des Vannes (Mespilus germanica Delice des Vannes)
The name Delice des Vannes means ‘pleasure from Vannes’. French variety selected in the botanic garden in Vannes. A heavy and annual bearer of spherical, average sized fruits with delicious taste.
Medlar cv. Apyrena (Mespilus germanica f. apyrena)
Very rare medlar variety with small, seedless fruits. Known since the middle ages.
It’s fruits are considered to be the most flavourful within all medlar varieties. Bears plenty of fruits, yet they are as big as on wild medlars, the crops are small.
Because of the seedless fruits it’s easier to make preserves from it.
Apyrena has more thorns on his branches than other varieties.